El Salvador

El Salvador
San Salvador
Spanish
U.S. dollar (USD)
+503

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El Salvador is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America. El Salvador borders the Pacific Ocean between Guatemala and Honduras, with its eastern-most region lying on the Gulf of Fonseca across from Nicaragua. As of 2009, El Salvador has a population of approximately 5,744,113 people, composed predominantly of Mestizo, mixed biracial Native American/European ancestry. The colón was the currency of El Salvador from 1892 to 2001, when it adopted the U.S. Dollar. The country is currently undergoing rapid industrialization.

El Salvador has a long history, with origins dating back to the Spanish conquest of the Pipil people of Cuzcatlán, which means The Place of Precious Diamonds and Jewels. The people from El Salvador are variably referred to as Salvadoran or Salvadorian, while the term Cuzcatleco is commonly used to identify someone of Salvadoran heritage. San Salvador is the both capital and largest city in the country.